PREVALENCE, DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT AND RESEARCH ON AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS (ASD) IN SINGAPORE AND MALAYSIA
The prevalence of autism is increasing globally. While most of the published works are done in the Western and European countries, the trend in autism research is shifting towards the Asian continent recently. In this review, we aimed to highlight the current prevalence, diagnosis, treatment and research on Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in Singapore and Malaysia. Based on database searches, we found that the awareness about autism among lay and professional public is higher in Singapore compared to Malaysia. The special education system and approach towards autism treatment is also different between both societies although the culture is similar and the geographic location is close. Main findings and implications were discussed in this review. The lack of study on autism prevalence in this part of the world commands a critical need for further research. Perhaps more collaborative work between both countries could be done to expand the knowledge in autism. ...
Keywords:asd, singapore, malaysia
Volume 29, Number: 3, Year 2014 of International Journal of Special Education